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Wood BTU values and Characteristics

pintobean

Smoke Blower
102
12
Joined Oct 1, 2010
Found this online, thought it would be useful to some folks...

Firewood Ratings and Info Based on data from US Forest Products Laboratory
          

Species 
Red  denotes species we regularly stock.

Relative
Heat


Easy to
Burn


Easy to
Split


Heavy
Smoke
?


Throw
Sparks
?


General
Rating

Aroma

Weight of
Seasoned
Cord-lbs


Heat
Produced
per Cord
M Btu


Hardwoods
Black Ash

Med

Yes/Fair

Yes

No

No/Few

Excel

Minim

2,992

19.1

White Ash

High

Yes/Fair

Yes

No

No/Few

Excel

Minim

3,689

23.6

Red Oak

High

Yes/Poor

No

No

No/Few

Excel

Fair

3,757

24.0

White Oak

High

Yes

No

No

No

Excel

.

4,012

25.7

Beech

High

Yes/Poor

Yes

No

No/Few

Excel

Minim

3,757

24.0

Blue Beech

High

Yes/Poor

Yes

No

No/Few

Excel

Minim

3,890

26.8

White Birch

Med

Yes/Good

Yes

No

No/Mod

Excel

Minim

3,179

20.3

Grey Birch

Med

Yes/Good

Yes

No

No/Mod

Poor

Minim

3,179

20.3

YellowBirch

High

Yes/Good

Yes

No

No/Mod

Excel

Minim

3,689

23.6

Paper Birch

Med

Yes/Good

Yes

No

No/Mod

Excel

Minim

3,179

20.3

Black Birch

High

Yes/Good

Yes

No

No/Mod

Excel

Minim

3,890

26.8

Hickory

High

Yes/Fair

Bad

No

No/Mod

Excel

Good

4,327

27.7

HardMaple

High

Yes

Bad

No

No

Excel

.

.

.

Pecan

High

Yes

Yes

No

No

Excel

.

.

.

Dogwood

High

Yes

Yes

No

No

Excel

.

.

.

Red or
Soft Maple


Med

Yes

No

No

No

Good

.

2,924

18.7

Cherry

Med

Yes/Poor

Yes

No

No/Few

Good

Excel

3,120

20.0

BlackCherry

Med

Yes/Poor

Yes

No

No/Few

Good

Excel

2,880

19.9

Walnut

Med

Yes

Yes

No

No

Good

.

.

.

White Elm

Med

Med/Fair

No

Med

No/None

Fair

Fair

3,052

19.5

AmericanElm

Med

Med/Fair

No

Med

No/None

Fair

Fair

3,052

19.5

Sycamore

Med

Med

No

Med

No

Fair

.

.

.

Gum

Med

Med

No

Med

No

Fair

.

.

.

Aspen

Low

Yes

Yes

Med

No

Fair

.

2,295

14.7

Basswood

Low

Yes

Yes

Med

No

Fair

.

2,108

13.5

Cottonwood

Low

Yes

Yes

Med

No

Fair

.

2,108

13.5

Chestnut

Low

Yes

Yes

Med

Yes

Poor

.

.

.

Apple

High

Poor

.

.

Few

Med

Excel

4,140

26.5

Hemlock

Low

.

.

.

Many

Fair

Good

2,482

15.9

BlackLocust

High

Poor

.

.

None

Good

Minim

3,890

26.8

Sugar Maple

High

Poor

No

.

Few

Good

Good

3,757

24.0

Eastern
Hornbeam


High

.

.

.

.

Excel

.

4,267

27.3

Hackberry

Med

.

.

.

.

.

.

3,247

20.8

Boxelder

Low

.

.

.

.

.

.

2,797

17.9

Butternut

Low

.

.

.

.

Poor

.

2,100

14.5

Softwoods
Black Spruce

Low

.

.

.

.

.

.

2,482

15.9

Jack Pine

Low

.

.

.

.

.

.

2,669

17.1

Norway Pine

Low

.

.

.

.

Fair

.

2,669

17.1

Pitch Pine

Low

.

.

.

.

Fair

.

2,669

17.1

Balsam Fir

Low

.

.

.

.

Poor

.

2,236

14.3

Willow

Low

.

.

.

.

Poor

.

2,100

14.5

Coals
 
one ton

per ton

Anthracite

High

No

N/A

.

No

Good

Good

2,000

25.4

Bituminous
Hi-Volat


Med

Med

N/A

.

No

Med

Fair

2,000

22.0

Bituminous
Lo-Volat


Med

Yes

N/A

.

No

Med

Fair

2,000

28.6

Lignite

Low

Yes

N/A

.

No

Poor

Poor

2,000

13.8

Charcoal

High

Yes

N/A

.

No

Poor

Poor

2,000

26.0
 

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