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Different types of salt

Discussion in 'Sauces, Rubs & Marinades' started by iamswanny, Oct 21, 2013.

  1. I see many rubs that call for Kosher, Sea, or just regular salt.  What are the differences and how do the change certain rubs or marinades?

    Thanks and happy smoking!
  2. mdboatbum

    mdboatbum Master of the Pit OTBS Member

    Kosher salt is kind of the "all purpose" variety. It's grains are larger than table salt and it isn't iodized, so it's better for rubs and cooking. Table salt IS iodized and has smaller grains. Sea salt is a catch all term, there are many, many different kinds from the generic rock salt variety to the exotic ones from specific regions. It's usually ground into flakes and, depending on the type, can impart it's own flavor from whatever minerals it contains.

    For me? I buy kosher salt only. If I need fine salt for a cold brine, I just put the kosher in the food processor for a minute or so.
    smokinhusker and iamswanny like this.
  3. Excellent.  Thanks, great summary.
  4. Simple and to the point!!! Thanks!!!
  5. chef willie

    chef willie Master of the Pit OTBS Member

    Yep, what he said. Mortons is the easiest Kosher to find, Diamond is also good but less available here in the PNW, in my area anyway. The grain size is also different so the amount will vary by the tablespoon....Costco by me has Himalayan Pink Salt in a grinder thing that is pretty tasty vs regular salt for table use. I've also heard Hawaiian sea salt is very good but I have yet to try any....Willie
  6. 1 cup table salt (all brands) = 10 oz. = 285 grams
    1 cup Morton Kosher Salt = 8 oz. = 225 grams
    1 cup Diamond Crystal Salt = 5.5 oz. = 155 grams

    Morton has a salt conversion chart as well. You can find it on their website ( link removed).
    Last edited: Oct 22, 2013
    iamswanny likes this.
  7. jdwalker

    jdwalker Newbie

    Due to the many varieties of salt, the only accurate way to measure it is by weight.

  8. pigbark

    pigbark Smoke Blower

    Don't forget about Sodium content, all the salts listed so far have different levels of Sodium...

    Most salt is dry measured then converted into grams-That's why they make the conversion charts, not all salt is the same..

    1/4 tsp of salt A weighs 1gram

    1/4 tsp of salt B weighs 1.4 grams...

    Sodium is measured in mg then you have the DV%

    your labels will tell you all the info. * some salt alternatives have potassium.*

    High Sodium to Low Sodium LEFT to RIGHT salts serv. size is 1/4 tsp and weighed in grams.
    Mortons regular table salt- no data given but I found it to be 25%
    Hain Sea salt fine-1/4 weighed 1.5g Sodium 590mg DV is 25%
    Morton Sea s alt fine- 1/4 weighed is 1.4g Sodium 560mg and DV is 23%
    Olde Thompson Himalayan Pink Salt coarse-1/4 weighs 1g Sodium 416mg DV is 17%
    Lawry seasoned salt- 1/4 weighed 1.2g Sodium 380 Dv is 16%
    Morton salt substitute- 1/4 weighed 1.2g Sodium 0mg DV 0% *Potassium* 61
    Last edited: Oct 22, 2013
    iamswanny likes this.
  9. Thanks for the sodium info.  I am watching my sodium due to high blood pressure.  I haven't completely cut salt out, but I do avoid a lot of the what I call unnecessary junk.  BBQ is necessary, so I'll allow myself the pleasure.
  10. foamheart

    foamheart Epic Pitmaster OTBS Member SMF Premier Member

    All salts effect the harding of the arteries, blood pressure. Different salts though are important in Diuretics (water retention) as in congestive heart disease.
    iamswanny likes this.
  11. daveomak

    daveomak Epic Pitmaster OTBS Member SMF Premier Member

    There you have it....   2 medical groups with 2 totally different perspectives on the use of salt......


    Congestive heart failure (CHF)  occurs when the heart does not pump efficiently and does not deliver enough oxygen to your body. Many diseases lead to CHF, such as high blood pressure and diseases of the heart and kidney.

    Treatment for CHF helps to prevent its complications and relieve its symptoms.

    The heart does not have to work as hard when you make some changes in your diet. If you eat too much salt or drink too much fluid, your body's water content may increase and make your heart work harder. This can worsen your CHF. 


    Salt restriction was associated with a 29% lower risk of cardiovascular events among normotensive individuals and a 16% reduction in hypertensive participants. Neither difference achieved statistical significance.

    In the trial involving patients with heart failure, salt restriction significantly increased the mortality risk more than twofold as compared with the control group (RR 2.59, 95% CI 1.04 to 6.44).
    iamswanny likes this.