I've reviewed all the threads and links I can find on here related to this topic, and still have a couple questions. First, one of the listed (and I strongly agree) problems is ash accumulation. The mods I've seen show perforating the coal pan to allow more air through, but then show a segregation of the coals away from the holes. This all makes sense to me from the airflow stand point, but I'm not seeing how its allowing ashes to fall through or be removed. Am I missing something? My plan is to put an expanded metal basket into the perforated pan, let the coals sit above and hope the ashes fall through the holes in the basket and then the pan. My next question is, is it worth sealing the lid with a little wood stove gasket material? Mine is the type where the lid fits kind of loosely into the body and I think alot of heat and smoke is lost here. If I go to the trouble of installing some dampers, shouldn't they be allowed to do their job? Finally a use question, sure to be controversial, use liquid in water pan or not, or no pan at all? I'm sure much of this has been discussed before but I'm just not finding it.